Hyssop is a shrub that is about 50cm high with dark green leaves 2 to 2.5 cm long. During the summer, hyssop produces pink, blue, or, more rarely white fragrant flowers.
Hyssop can grow in a range of soils with a more alkaline, sandy, well draining soil preferred. Plants will thrive in full sun and they are draught tolerant.
How to Plant
Sow seeds and cover lightly with soil. Germination takes place in about 14 to 21 days. Space plants about 30 to 60cm apart or plant in containers.
How to Water
Water regularly when there is no rain. You can allow the soil to dry out in-between watering. Hyssop tolerates dry conditions so be careful not to over water.
Hyssop is often used for honey bees, and it also attracts butterflies and hummingbirds. It is said to be good companion for the cabbage family of plants and grapes.
How to Propagate
Hyssop can be propagated by root division in the spring or fall, cuttings and seeds.
How to Harvest
Harvest Hyssop when the plant is in full bloom, ideally during the spring and / or late summer. The leaves and flowers are harvested and may be dried.
The flowering tips and the leaves are used. They can be used fresh or dried.
Hyssop is usually taken as an infusion, about 1 to 2 teaspoons per cup of water. You can also make a tincture, dosage is about 2 to 5ml. May also be used externally as an anti-fungal and to assist healing.
Hyssop is said to relieve coughing and reduces inflammation associated with respiratory infections. Hyssop is also an aromatic relaxing herb with tonic and antiseptic properties (3).
Volatile oil (pinocamphone, alpha & beta-pinene, linalool, cineole, limonene), Terpenoids (marrubiin, olanolic acid, ursolic acid), Flavonoids (glycosides of hesperidin & diosmetin), hyssopin glycoside, tannins, resin (3).
Stimulant, Antispasmodic, carminative, expectorant, sedative (3).
A 2011 review on Hyssopus officinalis found that Hyssop has moderate antioxidant and antimicrobial activity against bacteria together with antifungal and insecticidal antiviral properties in vitro. Animal model studies indicate myorelaxant, antiplatelet and α-glucosidase inhibitory activities (25).