Berries are not just nutritious and beautiful but also an excellent companion plant.
For example low blueberry bushes around trees, strawberries as a ground cover and gooseberries as a pollinator. Raspberries should be planted with caution, many plants wont like having them around due to their spreading nature.
Companion Planting is an integral part of permaculture and a holistic approach to gardening where you plant different crops in proximity for maximising the use of space, providing nutrients, shade or support, increasing crop productivity, attracting beneficial insects, pest control / repelling pests, pollination or providing a space for beneficial creatures. The concept is an ongoing process of living and learning with nature and increasing biodiversity to support a sustainable Eco system. Below is a quick reference guide for companion planting with berries:
|Name||Good Companions||Not a Companion|
|Blueberries||Oak trees, citrus trees, fruit trees, pine trees, strawberries, clover, bay laurel, dewberries, yarrow, holy basil and other herbs.||Tomatoes.|
|Blackberry||Grapes, garlic, raspberries (not too close), mint, lemon balm, chives, hyssop, strawberries, apple trees, elderberry tree, stinging nettle and other nitrogen fixing plants, sunflowers.||Peppers, tomatoes, eggplants, potatoes.|
|Currants||Marigold, yarrow, nasturtiums, chamomile and other flowers or herbs.|
|Gooseberry||Fruit trees, citrus trees, nut trees, basil, tomatoes, broad beans, flowers in general, herbs in general, low ground covers, and most other plants that will be compatible with the gooseberry growing style (they need sun, can take over the area so may need to be pruned, and they produce lots of new plants so may compete with other plants.)|
|Mulberry||Grapes, other berries as ground covers, herbs in general, flowers in general.|
|Raspberry||Raspberries usually take over the area so companion plants may not last that long. Rue, artemisia, garlic, onion, oats, tansy, yarrow, other herbs and flowers in general.||Young berries, potatoes and beets.|
|Strawberries||Fruit trees, citrus trees, herbs in general, flowers in general, other berries, borage, lettuce, spinach, sage, beans, spring onions.||Cabbages, cauliflowers, Brussels sprouts|
gladioli, tomatoes, broccoli, garlic, rosemary.