References & Resources

This list of references and resources provides the origin of some specific information used throughout this website.  Many of these sources referenced other sources and some of the knowledge has been around for a long time.  Thank you to all those who have researched, studied, written, collected information, shared their knowledge, told the stories and held the memories and intentions through many many years.  The information on this website is for information purposes only, if you choose to share the information with others, remember to do your own research and always give credit where possible.  These sources are in no specific order. 

1  Chevallier, A (1996). The Encyclopaedia of Medicinal Plants. London, Britain : Dorling Kindersley Limited.

2  Duke, J. (1996). Dr. Duke’s Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. Green Farmacy Garden.
Retrieved 2014, from

3  Dr. Marciano, M. The Naturopathic Herbalist, Botanical Medicine for the medical Student. Bisbee, Arizona.
Retrieved 2014, from

4  Moore, M. (2008). Southwest School of Botanical Medicine. Retrieved 2014, from

5   Tryptophan.  (n.d.). Retrieved April, 2014, from

6   Flavanoids.  (n.d.). Retrieved April, 2014, from

7 Treben, M. (2007) Health through God’s Pharmacy, Advice and Proven Cures with Medicinal Herbs. Steyr, Austria: Ennsthaler Verlag.

8 Topical Medication. (n.d). Retrieved April 2014, from

9 Nutrition Data. (n.d). Retrieved April 2014, from  The information in Nutrition Data’s database comes from the USDA’s National Nutrient Database and is supplemented by restaurants and food manufacturers.

10 Antigiardial activity of Ocimum basilicum essential oil. (n.d). Retrieved April 2014, from Parasitology Research, July 2007, Volume 101, Issue 2, pp 443-452,

11 Anti-inflammatory compound from cannabis found in herbs. J Gertsch et al, 2008. Retrieved April 2014, from

12 Berry fruits for cancer prevention: Current status and future prospects. Seeram, N. P. (2008), Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 56 (3): 630–5. doi:10.1021/jf072504n. Retrieved April 2014, from

13 A new extract of the plant Calendula officinalis produces a dual in vitro effect: cytotoxic anti-tumor activity and lymphocyte activation. Jimenez-Medina E, Garcia-Lora A, Paco L et al. (2006). Retrieved April 2014, from

14 Lentinus edodes: a macrofungus with pharmacological activities. Bisen PS, Baghel RK, Sanodiya BS, Thakur GS, Prasad GB. (2010).  Current Medicinal Chemistry 17 (22): 2419–30.  Retrieved April 2014, from

15  James A. Duke, with Mary Jo Bogenschutz-Godwin, Judi duCellier, Peggy-Ann K. Duke. Handbook of Medicinal Herbs. 2nd ed. 2002: CRC Press LLC.

16 Scientific basis for the therapeutic use of Cymbopogon citratus, stapf (Lemon grass). Gagan Shah, Richa Shri,1 Vivek Panchal,2 Narender Sharma,3 Bharpur Singh, and A. S. MannJournal of Advanced Pharmaceutical Technology and Research. 2011 Jan-Mar; 2(1): 3–8. doi: 10.4103/2231-4040.79796. Retrieved May 2014, from

17 Mother in law’s tongue, Sansevieria trifasciata, Good Luck Plant. Tropilab supplier of medicinal plants and seeds. Retrieved May 2014, from

18 Analgesic and Antipyretic Effects of Sansevieria Trifasciata Leaves. African Journal of Traditional, Complementary, and Alternative Medicines.  Jeba Sunilson, J Anbu, P Jayaraj, R Varatharajan, John Thomas, James Jisha, M Muthappan: Jul 3, 2009. Retrieved May 2014, from

19 Interior Landscape Plants for Indoor Air Pollution Abatement. NASA Science and Tehnology laboratory. B.C. Wolverton, Ph.D, Anne Johnson and Keith Bounds: September, 1989. Retrieved May 2014, from

20  Zakay-Rones, Z; Thom, E; Wollan, T; Wadstein, J (2004). Randomized study of the efficacy and safety of oral elderberry extract in the treatment of influenza A and B virus infections.The Journal of International Medical Research 32 (2): 132–40. Retrieved May 2014, from

21  van Wyk, B.-E., van Oudtshoorn, B. and Gericke, N. (2013). Medicinal plants of South Africa. 2nd ed. Briza.

22  Diane L. McKay andJeffrey B. Blumberg. (2006). A review of the bioactivity of south African herbal teas: rooibos (Aspalathus linearis) and honeybush (Cyclopia intermedia). Retrieved September 2014, from

23  Neuroscience 2013. Study: spearmint and rosemary extracts improve memory in mice. Retrieved September 2014, from

24  Sachin A Shah, Stephen Sander, Michael White, Mike Rinaldi, Dr Craig I Coleman. Evaluation of echinacea for the prevention and treatment of the common cold: a meta-analysis. The Lancet Infectious Diseases, Volume 7, Issue 7, Pages 473 – 480, July 2007.  doi:10.1016/S1473-3099(07)70160-3 Retrieved 2014, from

25  Fatemeh Fathiazad and Sanaz Hamedeyazdan.  Department of Pharmacognosy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Iran. A review on Hyssopus officinalis L.: Composition and biological activities

26  Ramin Shishehgar, Ali Rezaie and Mehrdad Nazeri, 2012.  Study of Sedation, Pre-Anesthetic and Anti-Anxiety Effects of Hop (Humulus lupulus L.) Extract Compared with Diazepam in Rats. Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances, 11: 2570-2575.

27  Food & Nutrition Research Study: Effects of black Adzuki Bean extract…. Retrieved May 2016, from

28  Singhal P1, Bal LM, Satya S, Sudhakar P, Naik SN. Bamboo shoots: a novel source of nutrition and medicine. Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr. 2013;53(5):517-34. doi: 10.1080/10408398.2010.531488. Retrieved 2016, from

Resources & Acknowledgements

This list of resources are to acknowledge individuals, organisations and some of the many sources that provided information that helped me learn about medicinal plants without having a specific reference.  These sources are in no specific order. 

National Center for Biotechnology Information (2014). Website:

Pharmacognosy. (n.d.). Retrieved April, 2014, from

Herbal Medicine. (n.d.). Retrieved April, 2014, from

Dr Friedli, G.L. (1997). Friedli’s Enterprises.  Retrieved 2014, from

 Alkaloid.  (n.d.). Retrieved April, 2014, from 

Amino Acid  (n.d.). Retrieved April, 2014, from

Margaret Roberts, Companion Planting. 1st edition, third impression. 2012: Briza Publications.