Coccinellidae, commonly known as ladybugs and ladybirds, are a widespread family of small beetles. They have aposematic colors and patterns, such as red with black spots, that warn potential predators that they are distasteful.
There are more than 6,000 species, and are generally considered beneficial insects, because many prey on herbivorous hemipterans such as aphids or scale insects. Many coccinellids lay their eggs directly in aphid and scale insect colonies, ensuring their larvae have an immediate food source.
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